Depression is a disturbance in mood characterized by varying degrees of sadness, disappointment, loneliness, hopelessness, self-doubt, and guilt.
These feelings can be quite intense and may persist long periods of time.
Daily activities may become more difficult, but the individual may still be able to cope with them. It is at this level, however, that feelings of hopelessness can become so intense.
Depression (Mood) Disorders have been divided into unipolar and bipolar. Unipolar depression are manifested only by depression.
It is also known as major depressive disorder. It is a mood disorder commonly identified by sadness or blues, irritation or decreased interest in favorite activities.
Significant changes in weight, sleeping problems, fatigue, problems in concentrating and focusing are some of the symptoms.
There can also be feelings of worthlessness, helplessness, nervousness, poor self-esteem, suicidal thoughts or suicidal tendencies.
Unipolar depression is a treatable disorder. Unipolar is more common in women then men and people of any age group can suffer from unipolar depression. It needs to be treated timely; if goes untreated it may cause severe problems.
Psychotherapy, Medication and ECT (Electroconvulsive therapy) are very good treatment options for unipolar depression.
Unipolar depression is more on depression side, where as bipolar depression is manic and exhibits both the symptoms of depression and mania.
Following are the symptoms of unipolar depression and bipolar depression that establish differences between both the disorders.
• Sleeping disorder Insomnia generally occurs in Unipolar depression as a result of which sufferer finds it difficult to get off to sleep.
On the other hand in bipolar depression Hypomania generally occurs in patients, as a result of which tiredness and too much sleeping becomes a problem for sufferers.
• Unipolar depression is more common in women and generally affects later in life at the age of forty plus.
On the other hand bipolar depression occurs equally in men and women. It generally occurs at adolescent stage.
• Poor appetite, patients suffering from unipolar depression often found eating less, as a result of which they often loose plenty of body weight.
Patients suffering from bipolar depression may exhibit increased eating habit or decreased eating habits, binge eating is the biggest symptom of bipolar disorder, and patients may loose or gain weight suddenly.
• Bipolar depression involves the symptoms like, inactivity, psychomotor retardation etc and unipolar depression involves, Agitated state of mind, restlessness, and pacing etc.
• The depressive episodes often last for long time in unipolar depression. in cases of depression episodes can be short or long.
• Unipolar depression is more responsive to treatment than bipolar depression.
• Suicide rates and drug abuse is low in unipolar depression. On the other hand bipolar depression has slightly higher rate of suicide and drug abuse.
• Unipolar depression exhibits sadness, helplessness and worthlessness as common symptoms and bipolar exhibits guilt as the biggest symptoms along with sadness, helplessness and worthlessness.
Depressive disorders make one feel exhausted, worthless, helpless, and hopeless. Such negative thoughts and feelings make some people feel like giving up.
It is important to realize that these negative views are part of the depression and typically do not accurately reflect the actual circumstances. Negative thinking fades as treatment begins to take effect.
Apply some self help techniques, life style, supportive relationships, developing coping skills, and developing stress management skills.
Psychotherapy is useful in helping the patient understand the factors involved in either creating or exacerbating the depressive symptomotology.
Personal factors may include a history of abuse (physical, emotional, and/or sexual), maladaptive coping skills/ Environmental factors involved in this disorder include, among others, a poor social support system and difficulties related to finances or employment.
Major Depressive Disorder has a better prognosis than other mood disorders in that medication and therapy have been very successful in alleviating symptomatology.
However, many people with this disorder find that it can be episodic, in that periodic stressors can bring back symptoms.
In this case, it is often helpful to have an ongoing relationship with a mental health professional just as you would a physician if you had diabetes or high blood pressure.