The Tiny Guide To Child Psychology
Do you think a child needs attention? Yes, it does and I’d like to ask why that would be so.
The reason is that the child is in the initial stages of his life and is absorbing everything around him - the atmosphere of life and the surroundings.
Child psychology, being of the many branches of psychology and one of the most frequently studied specialty areas.
This branch of psychology focuses on the growth of the child from the prenatal phase up to his adolescence.
Osovo is a website where psychological terminology such as child psychology and many other important terms are explained in great detail.
Before child psychology came into the picture, children were viewed as smaller versions of adults.
Jean Piaget suggested that children actually think differently than adults, and it was Albert Einstein who then proclaimed that the discovery was "so simple that only a genius could have thought of it".
Today, psychologists recognize that child psychology is unique and complex, but many differ in terms of the unique perspective they take when approaching development.
The child begins to think and develop in the company of his parents and other adults he comes in contact with and also the children growing up with him.
Families, schools and peer groups all make up an important part of the social context.
The culture a child lives in contributes a set of values, customs, shared assumptions and ways of living that influence development throughout the lifespan.
Hence culture may play a role in how children relate to their parents, the type of education they receive and the type of child care that is provided.
Social class can also play a major role in child development. Socioeconomic status, is based upon a number of different factors including how much education people have, how much money they earn.
Children raised in households with a high socioeconomic status tend to have greater access to opportunities.
For example a child living in a rich family would be introduced to the splendors of life - the best schools, the best foods and clothes while a child growing in a family of average income may not get the benefit of seeing as much.
The child’s psychology is influenced in certain ways by the way he is brought up, it leaves an effect on him. If a child has strict and demanding parents, he may grow up a very reserved and may lack self-esteem.
However, if the child is brought up in an atmosphere where he is told everything in a kind and loving manner, and is given a good grooming then he is definitely bound to grow in to a strong individual and have mannerism conducive to a good individual of society.
Piaget used the methods of direct learning and observation, Piaget developed the theory of understanding in children and showed children’s perception of themselves and the world as they grew up and this was taken through the childhood years.
The data for child psychology is taken from a variety of sources like friends, relatives and parents and all this is done to see that the child grows in a way that makes him a better individual in the future.
Personality tests and intelligence tests are also methods to gain an insight into the mind of a child.
Child Psychology which was for a long time was developed within general psychology became an independent branch of knowledge in the nineteenth century and continues to enter new dimensions to help the child and be the sign that guides the way.
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